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cobbler------安装配置

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一:配置好repo仓库,IP地址,
[root@linux-node1?yum.repos.d]#?ll
total?28
-rw-r--r--.?1?root?root?1664?Dec??9??2015?CentOS-Base.repo
-rw-r--r--.?1?root?root?1309?Dec??9??2015?CentOS-CR.repo
-rw-r--r--.?1?root?root??649?Dec??9??2015?CentOS-Debuginfo.repo
-rw-r--r--.?1?root?root??290?Dec??9??2015?CentOS-fasttrack.repo
-rw-r--r--.?1?root?root??630?Dec??9??2015?CentOS-Media.repo
-rw-r--r--.?1?root?root?1331?Dec??9??2015?CentOS-Sources.repo
-rw-r--r--.?1?root?root?1952?Dec??9??2015?CentOS-Vault.repo
#使用阿里云的epel源
[root@linux-node1?yum.repos.d]#?wget?https://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/epel-7.repo
Resolving?mirrors.aliyun.com?(mirrors.aliyun.com)...?115.28.122.210,?112.124.140.210
Connecting?to?mirrors.aliyun.com?(mirrors.aliyun.com)|115.28.122.210|:443...?connected.
HTTP?request?sent,?awaiting?response...?200?OK
Length:?1084?(1.1K)?[application/octet-stream]
Saving?to:?‘epel-7.repo’
100%[========================================================================================================================================================================>]?1,084???????--.-K/s???in?0s??????
2017-02-21?09:28:26?(82.2?MB/s)?-?‘epel-7.repo’?saved?[1084/1084]
[root@linux-node1?yum.repos.d]#?ls
CentOS-Base.repo??CentOS-CR.repo??CentOS-Debuginfo.repo??CentOS-fasttrack.repo??CentOS-Media.repo??CentOS-Sources.repo??CentOS-Vault.repo??epel-7.repo
[root@linux-node1?yum.repos.d]#?ip?a
1:?lo:?<LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP>?mtu?65536?qdisc?noqueue?state?UNKNOWN?
????link/loopback?00:00:00:00:00:00?brd?00:00:00:00:00:00
????inet?127.0.0.1/8?scope?host?lo
???????valid_lft?forever?preferred_lft?forever
????inet6?::1/128?scope?host?
???????valid_lft?forever?preferred_lft?forever
2:?eth0:?<BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP>?mtu?1500?qdisc?pfifo_fast?state?UP?qlen?1000
????link/ether?00:0c:29:e6:8c:cc?brd?ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
????inet?192.168.56.11/24?brd?192.168.56.255?scope?global?eth0
???????valid_lft?forever?preferred_lft?forever
????inet6?fe80::20c:29ff:fee6:8ccc/64?scope?link?
???????valid_lft?forever?preferred_lft?forever

二:yum安装cobbler

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[root@linux-node1?yum.repos.d]#?yum?install?httpd?dhcp?tftp?xinetd?bind?bind-chroot?caching-nameserver?cobbler?cobbler-web?python-ctypes

三:关闭防火墙

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[root@linux-node1?yum.repos.d]#?systemctl?stop?firewalld
[root@linux-node1?yum.repos.d]#?chkconfig?firewalld?off
Note:?Forwarding?request?to?'systemctl?disable?firewalld.service'.
Removed?symlink?/etc/systemd/system/dbus-org.fedoraproject.FirewallD1.service.
Removed?symlink?/etc/systemd/system/basic.target.wants/firewalld.service.
[root@linux-node1?yum.repos.d]#?getenforce?
Enforcing
[root@linux-node1?yum.repos.d]#?setenforce?0?#临时生效
[root@linux-node1?yum.repos.d]#?getenforce?
Permissive
[root@linux-node1?yum.repos.d]#?sestatus
SELinux?status:?????????????????enabled
SELinuxfs?mount:????????????????/sys/fs/selinux
SELinux?root?directory:?????????/etc/selinux
Loaded?policy?name:?????????????targeted
Current?mode:???????????????????permissive
Mode?from?config?file:??????????enforcing
Policy?MLS?status:??????????????enabled
Policy?deny_unknown?status:?????allowed
Max?kernel?policy?version:??????28
#编辑配置文件,把SELINUX修改成disabled,永久生效,需要重启OS
[root@linux-node1?yum.repos.d]#?vim?/etc/sysconfig/selinux

四:启动服务并检查

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[root@linux-node1?yum.repos.d]#?systemctl?start?httpd
[root@linux-node1?yum.repos.d]#?systemctl?start?cobblerd
[root@linux-node1?yum.repos.d]#?systemctl?start?xinetd
[root@linux-node1?yum.repos.d]#?netstat?-lntup
Active?Internet?connections?(only?servers)
Proto?Recv-Q?Send-Q?Local?Address???????????Foreign?Address?????????State???????PID/Program?name????
tcp????????0??????0?0.0.0.0:22??????????????0.0.0.0:*???????????????LISTEN??????1687/sshd???????????
tcp????????0??????0?127.0.0.1:25????????????0.0.0.0:*???????????????LISTEN??????2182/master?????????
tcp????????0??????0?127.0.0.1:25151?????????0.0.0.0:*???????????????LISTEN??????3985/python2????????
tcp6???????0??????0?:::80???????????????????:::*????????????????????LISTEN??????3956/httpd??????????
tcp6???????0??????0?:::22???????????????????:::*????????????????????LISTEN??????1687/sshd???????????
tcp6???????0??????0?::1:25??????????????????:::*????????????????????LISTEN??????2182/master?????????
tcp6???????0??????0?:::443??????????????????:::*????????????????????LISTEN??????3956/httpd

五:配置cobbler,

执行cobbler check命令后,会出现提示,告知需要修改的地方,按照说明修改即可:

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[root@linux-node1?yum.repos.d]#?cobbler?check
The?following?are?potential?configuration?items?that?you?may?want?to?fix:
?
1?:?The?'server'?field?in?/etc/cobbler/settings?must?be?set?to?something?other?than?localhost,?or?kickstarting?features?will?not?work.??This?should?be?a?resolvable?hostname?or?IP?for?the?boot?server?as?reachable?by?all?machines?that?will?use?it.
2?:?For?PXE?to?be?functional,?the?'next_server'?field?in?/etc/cobbler/settings?must?be?set?to?something?other?than?127.0.0.1,?and?should?match?the?IP?of?the?boot?server?on?the?PXE?network.
3?:?SELinux?is?enabled.?Please?review?the?following?wiki?page?for?details?on?ensuring?cobbler?works?correctly?in?your?SELinux?environment:
????https://github.com/cobbler/cobbler/wiki/Selinux
4?:?change?'disable'?to?'no'?in?/etc/xinetd.d/tftp
5?:?some?network?boot-loaders?are?missing?from?/var/lib/cobbler/loaders,?you?may?run?'cobbler?get-loaders'?to?download?them,?or,?if?you?only?want?to?handle?x86/x86_64?netbooting,?you?may?ensure?that?you?have?installed?a?*recent*?version?of?the?syslinux?package?installed?and?can?ignore?this?message?entirely.??Files?in?this?directory,?should?you?want?to?support?all?architectures,?should?include?pxelinux.0,?menu.c32,?elilo.efi,?and?yaboot.?The?'cobbler?get-loaders'?command?is?the?easiest?way?to?resolve?these?requirements.
6?:?enable?and?start?rsyncd.service?with?systemctl
7?:?debmirror?package?is?not?installed,?it?will?be?required?to?manage?debian?deployments?and?repositories
8?:?ksvalidator?was?not?found,?install?pykickstart
9?:?The?default?password?used?by?the?sample?templates?for?newly?installed?machines?(default_password_crypted?in?/etc/cobbler/settings)?is?still?set?to?'cobbler'?and?should?be?changed,?try:?"openssl?passwd?-1?-salt?'random-phrase-here'?'your-password-here'"?to?generate?new?one
10?:?fencing?tools?were?not?found,?and?are?required?to?use?the?(optional)?power?management?features.?install?cman?or?fence-agents?to?use?them
?
Restart?cobblerd?and?then?run?'cobbler?sync'?to?apply?changes.

????5.1 下面开始对上面的步骤提示进行修改,

1、对/etc/cobbler/setting中,修改server行,改成

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server:?192.168.56.11

2、修改‘next_server’

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next_server:?192.168.56.11

3、关闭selinux,需要重启系统

4、修改tftp

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[root@linux-node1?yum.repos.d]#?vim?/etc/xinetd.d/tftp?
?
#?default:?off
#?description:?The?tftp?server?serves?files?using?the?trivial?file?transfer?\
#???????protocol.??The?tftp?protocol?is?often?used?to?boot?diskless?\
#???????workstations,?download?configuration?files?to?network-aware?printers,?\
#???????and?to?start?the?installation?process?for?some?operating?systems.
service?tftp
{
????????socket_type?????????????=?dgram
????????protocol????????????????=?udp
????????wait????????????????????=?yes
????????user????????????????????=?root
????????server??????????????????=?/usr/sbin/in.tftpd
????????server_args?????????????=?-s?/var/lib/tftpboot
????????disable?????????????????=?no
????????per_source??????????????=?11
????????cps?????????????????????=?100?2
????????flags???????????????????=?IPv4
}

5、执行命令cobbler get-loaders,他会自动下载相关的启动引导文件

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[root@linux-node1?yum.repos.d]#?cobbler?get-loaders
task?started:?2017-02-21_101556_get_loaders
task?started?(id=Download?Bootloader?Content,?time=Tue?Feb?21?10:15:56?2017)
downloading?https://cobbler.github.io/loaders/README?to?/var/lib/cobbler/loaders/README
downloading?https://cobbler.github.io/loaders/COPYING.elilo?to?/var/lib/cobbler/loaders/COPYING.elilo
downloading?https://cobbler.github.io/loaders/COPYING.yaboot?to?/var/lib/cobbler/loaders/COPYING.yaboot
downloading?https://cobbler.github.io/loaders/COPYING.syslinux?to?/var/lib/cobbler/loaders/COPYING.syslinux
downloading?https://cobbler.github.io/loaders/elilo-3.8-ia64.efi?to?/var/lib/cobbler/loaders/elilo-ia64.efi
downloading?https://cobbler.github.io/loaders/yaboot-1.3.17?to?/var/lib/cobbler/loaders/yaboot
downloading?https://cobbler.github.io/loaders/pxelinux.0-3.86?to?/var/lib/cobbler/loaders/pxelinux.0
downloading?https://cobbler.github.io/loaders/menu.c32-3.86?to?/var/lib/cobbler/loaders/menu.c32
downloading?https://cobbler.github.io/loaders/grub-0.97-x86.efi?to?/var/lib/cobbler/loaders/grub-x86.efi
downloading?https://cobbler.github.io/loaders/grub-0.97-x86_64.efi?to?/var/lib/cobbler/loaders/grub-x86_64.efi
***?TASK?COMPLETE?***

6、启动服务rsyncd.service

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systemctl?start?rsyncd

7、安装pykickstart

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yum?install?pykickstart?-y

8、生成新的密码,默认的过于简单,命令:openssl passwd -1 -salt 'random-phrase-here' 'your-password-here'

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[root@linux-node1?yum.repos.d]#?openssl?passwd?-1?-salt?'123'?'123456'
$1$123$7mft0jKnzzvAdU4t0unTG1

把这个新生成的密钥,写入setting配置文件中的对应位置上

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default_password_crypted:?"$1$123$7mft0jKnzzvAdU4t0unTG1"

9、安装fence-agents

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yum?install?fence-agents

10、可以不用管它

当然也可以安装这个服务,安装完毕后,需要修改配置文件

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wget?
yum?localinstall?debmirror-20090807-1.el5.noarch.rpm?
vim?/etc/debmirror.conf?#将23和25行注释掉
23?#@dists=”sid”;
25?#@arches=”i386″;

上面所有的步骤操作完毕后,重启cobbler,然后执行“cobbler sync”

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[root@linux-node1?~]#?systemctl?restart?cobblerd
[root@linux-node1?~]#?
[root@linux-node1?~]#?
[root@linux-node1?~]#?cobbler?sync
task?started:?2017-02-21_104452_sync
task?started?(id=Sync,?time=Tue?Feb?21?10:44:52?2017)
running?pre-sync?triggers
cleaning?trees
removing:?/var/lib/tftpboot/pxelinux.cfg/default
removing:?/var/lib/tftpboot/grub/images
removing:?/var/lib/tftpboot/grub/grub-x86.efi
removing:?/var/lib/tftpboot/grub/grub-x86_64.efi
removing:?/var/lib/tftpboot/grub/efidefault
removing:?/var/lib/tftpboot/s390x/profile_list
copying?bootloaders
trying?hardlink?/var/lib/cobbler/loaders/pxelinux.0?->?/var/lib/tftpboot/pxelinux.0
copying:?/var/lib/cobbler/loaders/pxelinux.0?->?/var/lib/tftpboot/pxelinux.0
trying?hardlink?/var/lib/cobbler/loaders/menu.c32?->?/var/lib/tftpboot/menu.c32
copying:?/var/lib/cobbler/loaders/menu.c32?->?/var/lib/tftpboot/menu.c32
trying?hardlink?/var/lib/cobbler/loaders/yaboot?->?/var/lib/tftpboot/yaboot
copying:?/var/lib/cobbler/loaders/yaboot?->?/var/lib/tftpboot/yaboot
trying?hardlink?/usr/share/syslinux/memdisk?->?/var/lib/tftpboot/memdisk
copying:?/usr/share/syslinux/memdisk?->?/var/lib/tftpboot/memdisk
trying?hardlink?/var/lib/cobbler/loaders/grub-x86.efi?->?/var/lib/tftpboot/grub/grub-x86.efi
trying?hardlink?/var/lib/cobbler/loaders/grub-x86_64.efi?->?/var/lib/tftpboot/grub/grub-x86_64.efi
copying?distros?to?tftpboot
copying?images
generating?PXE?configuration?files
generating?PXE?menu?structure
rendering?TFTPD?files
generating?/etc/xinetd.d/tftp
cleaning?link?caches
running?post-sync?triggers
running?python?triggers?from?/var/lib/cobbler/triggers/sync/post/*
running?python?trigger?cobbler.modules.sync_post_restart_services
running?shell?triggers?from?/var/lib/cobbler/triggers/sync/post/*
running?python?triggers?from?/var/lib/cobbler/triggers/change/*
running?python?trigger?cobbler.modules.scm_track
running?shell?triggers?from?/var/lib/cobbler/triggers/change/*
***?TASK?COMPLETE?***
[root@linux-node1?~]#?cobbler?check
The?following?are?potential?configuration?items?that?you?may?want?to?fix:
?
1?:?debmirror?package?is?not?installed,?it?will?be?required?to?manage?debian?deployments?and?repositories
?
Restart?cobblerd?and?then?run?'cobbler?sync'?to?apply?changes.

六:DHCP配置

我们可以配置cobbler,使用cobber来管理dhcp服务,修改一下配置文件:

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[root@linux-node1?~]#?vim?/etc/cobbler/settings?
#?set?to?1?to?enable?Cobbler's?DHCP?management?features.
#?the?choice?of?DHCP?management?engine?is?in?/etc/cobbler/modules.conf
manage_dhcp:?1?#这里从0改成1,启动dhcp管理服务
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[root@linux-node1?cobbler]#?ls
auth.conf???????cobbler_bash??dhcp.template?????import_rsync_whitelist??ldap??????????mongodb.conf????power??reporting??????rsync.template??????settings????????users.conf????version????????zone_templates
cheetah_macros??completions???dnsmasq.template??iso?????????????????????modules.conf??named.template??pxe????rsync.exclude??secondary.template??tftpd.template??users.digest??zone.template
[root@linux-node1?cobbler]#?vim?dhcp.template?
#?******************************************************************
#?Cobbler?managed?dhcpd.conf?file
#
#?generated?from?cobbler?dhcp.conf?template?($date)
#?Do?NOT?make?changes?to?/etc/dhcpd.conf.?Instead,?make?your?changes
#?in?/etc/cobbler/dhcp.template,?as?/etc/dhcpd.conf?will?be
#?overwritten.
#
#?******************************************************************
ddns-update-style?interim;
allow?booting;
allow?bootp;
ignore?client-updates;
set?vendorclass?=?option?vendor-class-identifier;
option?pxe-system-type?code?93?=?unsigned?integer?16;
subnet?192.168.56.0?netmask?255.255.255.0?{
?????option?routers?????????????192.168.56.2;#路由地址
?????option?domain-name-servers?192.168.56.2;#dns地址
?????option?subnet-mask?????????255.255.255.0;
?????range?dynamic-bootp????????192.168.56.100?192.168.56.254;
?????default-lease-time?????????21600;#默认租期时间
?????max-lease-time?????????????43200;#最大租期时间
?????next-server????????????????$next_server;#tftp地址
?????class?"pxeclients"?{
??????????match?if?substring?(option?vendor-class-identifier,?0,?9)?=?"PXEClient";
??????????if?option?pxe-system-type?=?00:02?{
??????????????????filename?"ia64/elilo.efi";
??????????}?else?if?option?pxe-system-type?=?00:06?{
??????????????????filename?"grub/grub-x86.efi";
??????????}?else?if?option?pxe-system-type?=?00:07?{
??????????????????filename?"grub/grub-x86_64.efi";
??????????}?else?{
??????????????????filename?"pxelinux.0";
??????????}
?????}
}

执行cobbler sync 自动生成dhcp配置文件

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[root@linux-node1?cobbler]#?systemctl?restart?cobblerd
[root@linux-node1?cobbler]#?cobbler?sync
task?started:?2017-02-21_105948_sync
task?started?(id=Sync,?time=Tue?Feb?21?10:59:48?2017)
running?pre-sync?triggers
cleaning?trees
removing:?/var/lib/tftpboot/pxelinux.cfg/default
removing:?/var/lib/tftpboot/grub/images
removing:?/var/lib/tftpboot/grub/grub-x86.efi
removing:?/var/lib/tftpboot/grub/grub-x86_64.efi
removing:?/var/lib/tftpboot/grub/efidefault
removing:?/var/lib/tftpboot/s390x/profile_list
copying?bootloaders
trying?hardlink?/var/lib/cobbler/loaders/pxelinux.0?->?/var/lib/tftpboot/pxelinux.0
copying:?/var/lib/cobbler/loaders/pxelinux.0?->?/var/lib/tftpboot/pxelinux.0
trying?hardlink?/var/lib/cobbler/loaders/menu.c32?->?/var/lib/tftpboot/menu.c32
copying:?/var/lib/cobbler/loaders/menu.c32?->?/var/lib/tftpboot/menu.c32
trying?hardlink?/var/lib/cobbler/loaders/yaboot?->?/var/lib/tftpboot/yaboot
copying:?/var/lib/cobbler/loaders/yaboot?->?/var/lib/tftpboot/yaboot
trying?hardlink?/usr/share/syslinux/memdisk?->?/var/lib/tftpboot/memdisk
copying:?/usr/share/syslinux/memdisk?->?/var/lib/tftpboot/memdisk
trying?hardlink?/var/lib/cobbler/loaders/grub-x86.efi?->?/var/lib/tftpboot/grub/grub-x86.efi
trying?hardlink?/var/lib/cobbler/loaders/grub-x86_64.efi?->?/var/lib/tftpboot/grub/grub-x86_64.efi
copying?distros?to?tftpboot
copying?images
generating?PXE?configuration?files
generating?PXE?menu?structure
rendering?DHCP?files
generating?/etc/dhcp/dhcpd.conf
rendering?TFTPD?files
generating?/etc/xinetd.d/tftp
cleaning?link?caches
running?post-sync?triggers
running?python?triggers?from?/var/lib/cobbler/triggers/sync/post/*
running?python?trigger?cobbler.modules.sync_post_restart_services
running:?dhcpd?-t?-q
received?on?stdout:?
received?on?stderr:?
running:?service?dhcpd?restart?#这里会自动重启dhcp服务
received?on?stdout:?
received?on?stderr:?Redirecting?to?/bin/systemctl?restart??dhcpd.service
?
running?shell?triggers?from?/var/lib/cobbler/triggers/sync/post/*
running?python?triggers?from?/var/lib/cobbler/triggers/change/*
running?python?trigger?cobbler.modules.scm_track
running?shell?triggers?from?/var/lib/cobbler/triggers/change/*
***?TASK?COMPLETE?***

验证::::

这里查看dhcpd.conf会自动生成相同的配置文件信息

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[root@linux-node1?cobbler]#?cat?/etc/dhcp/dhcpd.conf?
#?******************************************************************
#?Cobbler?managed?dhcpd.conf?file
#?generated?from?cobbler?dhcp.conf?template?(Tue?Feb?21?15:59:49?2017)
#?Do?NOT?make?changes?to?/etc/dhcpd.conf.?Instead,?make?your?changes
#?in?/etc/cobbler/dhcp.template,?as?/etc/dhcpd.conf?will?be
#?overwritten.
#?******************************************************************
?
ddns-update-style?interim;
?
allow?booting;
allow?bootp;
?
ignore?client-updates;
set?vendorclass?=?option?vendor-class-identifier;
?
option?pxe-system-type?code?93?=?unsigned?integer?16;
?
subnet?192.168.56.0?netmask?255.255.255.0?{
?????option?routers?????????????192.168.56.2;
?????option?domain-name-servers?192.168.56.2;
?????option?subnet-mask?????????255.255.255.0;
?????range?dynamic-bootp????????192.168.56.100?192.168.56.254;
?????default-lease-time?????????21600;
?????max-lease-time?????????????43200;
?????next-server????????????????192.168.56.11;
?????class?"pxeclients"?{
??????????match?if?substring?(option?vendor-class-identifier,?0,?9)?=?"PXEClient";
??????????if?option?pxe-system-type?=?00:02?{
??????????????????filename?"ia64/elilo.efi";
??????????}?else?if?option?pxe-system-type?=?00:06?{
??????????????????filename?"grub/grub-x86.efi";
??????????}?else?if?option?pxe-system-type?=?00:07?{
??????????????????filename?"grub/grub-x86_64.efi";
??????????}?else?{
??????????????????filename?"pxelinux.0";
??????????}
?????}
?
}
?
#?group?for?Cobbler?DHCP?tag:?default
group?{
}

七、导入操作系统

我们使用上传工具,上传一个系统到cobbler文件系统下面,这里使用的C7做为测试

7.1上传os到opt目录下面

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[root@linux-node1?opt]#?ll?-sh
total?4.1G
4.1G?-rw-r--r--?1?root?root?4.1G?Feb?21?11:10?CentOS-7-x86_64-DVD-1511.iso

7.2?导入distro,即导入一个发行版,发行版指的是操作系统

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[root@linux-node1?opt]#?df?-h
Filesystem???????????????Size??Used?Avail?Use%?Mounted?on
/dev/mapper/centos-root???46G??5.6G???41G??13%?/
devtmpfs?????????????????1.9G?????0??1.9G???0%?/dev
tmpfs????????????????????1.9G?????0??1.9G???0%?/dev/shm
tmpfs????????????????????1.9G??8.6M??1.9G???1%?/run
tmpfs????????????????????1.9G?????0??1.9G???0%?/sys/fs/cgroup
/dev/sda1????????????????497M??125M??373M??26%?/boot
tmpfs????????????????????378M?????0??378M???0%?/run/user/0
[root@linux-node1?opt]#?mount?-t?iso9660?-o?loop?/opt/CentOS-7-x86_64-DVD-1511.iso?/mnt?
mount:?/dev/loop0?is?write-protected,?mounting?read-only
[root@linux-node1?opt]#?df?-h
Filesystem???????????????Size??Used?Avail?Use%?Mounted?on
/dev/mapper/centos-root???46G??5.6G???41G??13%?/
devtmpfs?????????????????1.9G?????0??1.9G???0%?/dev
tmpfs????????????????????1.9G?????0??1.9G???0%?/dev/shm
tmpfs????????????????????1.9G??8.6M??1.9G???1%?/run
tmpfs????????????????????1.9G?????0??1.9G???0%?/sys/fs/cgroup
/dev/sda1????????????????497M??125M??373M??26%?/boot
tmpfs????????????????????378M?????0??378M???0%?/run/user/0
/dev/loop0???????????????4.1G??4.1G?????0?100%?/mnt
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[root@linux-node1?~]#?cobbler?import?--path=/mnt/?--name=c7.2-x86_64?--arch=x86_64
task?started:?2017-02-21_134843_import
task?started?(id=Media?import,?time=Tue?Feb?21?13:48:43?2017)
Found?a?candidate?signature:?breed=redhat,?version=rhel6
Found?a?candidate?signature:?breed=redhat,?version=rhel7
Found?a?matching?signature:?breed=redhat,?version=rhel7
Adding?distros?from?path?/var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/c7.2-x86_64:
creating?new?distro:?c7.2-x86_64
trying?symlink:?/var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/c7.2-x86_64?->?/var/www/cobbler/links/c7.2-x86_64
creating?new?profile:?c7.2-x86_64
associating?repos
checking?for?rsync?repo(s)
checking?for?rhn?repo(s)
checking?for?yum?repo(s)
starting?descent?into?/var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/c7.2-x86_64?for?c7.2-x86_64
processing?repo?at?:?/var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/c7.2-x86_64
need?to?process?repo/comps:?/var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/c7.2-x86_64
looking?for?/var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/c7.2-x86_64/repodata/*comps*.xml
error?launching?createrepo?(not?installed?),?ignoring
Exception?occured:?<type?'exceptions.IOError'>
Exception?value:?[Errno?2]?No?such?file?or?directory:?'/var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/config/c7.2-x86_64.repo'
Exception?Info:
??File?"/usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/cobbler/modules/manage_import_signatures.py",?line?599,?in?yum_process_comps_file
????config_file?=?open(fname,?"w+")
?
***?TASK?COMPLETE?***
[root@linux-node1?~]#?ll?/var/www/cobbler/ks_mirror/c7.2-x86_64/
total?296
-r--r--r--?1?root?root?????14?Dec??9??2015?CentOS_BuildTag
dr-xr-xr-x?3?root?root?????33?Dec??9??2015?EFI
-r--r--r--?1?root?root????215?Dec??9??2015?EULA
-r--r--r--?1?root?root??18009?Dec??9??2015?GPL
dr-xr-xr-x?3?root?root?????54?Dec??9??2015?images
dr-xr-xr-x?2?root?root???4096?Dec??9??2015?isolinux
dr-xr-xr-x?2?root?root?????41?Dec??9??2015?LiveOS
dr-xr-xr-x?2?root?root?204800?Dec??9??2015?Packages
dr-xr-xr-x?2?root?root???4096?Dec??9??2015?repodata
-r--r--r--?1?root?root???1690?Dec??9??2015?RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7
-r--r--r--?1?root?root???1690?Dec??9??2015?RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-Testing-7
-r--r--r--?1?root?root???2883?Dec??9??2015?TRANS.TBL

7.3 指定profile,在导入发行版的时候可以通过–kickstart=KICKSTART_FILE指定profile文件,如果没有指定,可以在后期重新指定,需要将profile文件提前准备好,最好放在/var/lib/cobbler/kickstarts,因为这是cobbler默认的ks文件路径,如下:

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#查看默认使用的ks文件,默认使用的是sample_end.ks
[root@linux-node1?kickstarts]#?cobbler?profile?report
Name???????????????????????????:?c7.2-x86_64
TFTP?Boot?Files????????????????:?{}
Comment????????????????????????:?
DHCP?Tag???????????????????????:?default
Distribution???????????????????:?c7.2-x86_64
Enable?gPXE????????????????????:?0
Enable?PXE?Menu????????????????:?1
Fetchable?Files????????????????:?{}
Kernel?Options?????????????????:?{}
Kernel?Options?(Post?Install)??:?{}
Kickstart??????????????????????:?/var/lib/cobbler/kickstarts/sample_end.ks
Kickstart?Metadata?????????????:?{}
Management?Classes?????????????:?[]
Management?Parameters??????????:?<<inherit>>
Name?Servers???????????????????:?[]
Name?Servers?Search?Path???????:?[]
Owners?????????????????????????:?['admin']
Parent?Profile?????????????????:?
Internal?proxy?????????????????:?
Red?Hat?Management?Key?????????:?<<inherit>>
Red?Hat?Management?Server??????:?<<inherit>>
Repos??????????????????????????:?[]
Server?Override????????????????:?<<inherit>>
Template?Files?????????????????:?{}
Virt?Auto?Boot?????????????????:?1
Virt?Bridge????????????????????:?xenbr0
Virt?CPUs??????????????????????:?1
Virt?Disk?Driver?Type??????????:?raw
Virt?File?Size(GB)?????????????:?5
Virt?Path??????????????????????:?
Virt?RAM?(MB)??????????????????:?512
Virt?Type??????????????????????:?kvm
#上传一个自己写好的ks文件,并写入到profile文件配置里面
[root@linux-node1?kickstarts]#?pwd
/var/lib/cobbler/kickstarts
[root@linux-node1?kickstarts]#?ll
total?56
-rw-r--r--??1?root?root?1519?Feb?21?13:59?CentOS-7.1-x86_64_cobbler.cfg
[root@linux-node1?kickstarts]#?cobbler?profile?edit?--name=c7.2-x86_64?--kickstart=/var/lib/cobbler/kickstarts/CentOS-7.1-x86_64_cobbler.cfg
[root@linux-node1?kickstarts]#?cobbler?profile?report
Name???????????????????????????:?c7.2-x86_64
TFTP?Boot?Files????????????????:?{}
Comment????????????????????????:?
DHCP?Tag???????????????????????:?default
Distribution???????????????????:?c7.2-x86_64
Enable?gPXE????????????????????:?0
Enable?PXE?Menu????????????????:?1
Fetchable?Files????????????????:?{}
Kernel?Options?????????????????:?{}
Kernel?Options?(Post?Install)??:?{}
Kickstart??????????????????????:?/var/lib/cobbler/kickstarts/CentOS-7.1-x86_64_cobbler.cfg
Kickstart?Metadata?????????????:?{}
Management?Classes?????????????:?[]
Management?Parameters??????????:?<<inherit>>
Name?Servers???????????????????:?[]
Name?Servers?Search?Path???????:?[]
Owners?????????????????????????:?['admin']
Parent?Profile?????????????????:?
Internal?proxy?????????????????:?
Red?Hat?Management?Key?????????:?<<inherit>>
Red?Hat?Management?Server??????:?<<inherit>>
Repos??????????????????????????:?[]
Server?Override????????????????:?<<inherit>>
Template?Files?????????????????:?{}
Virt?Auto?Boot?????????????????:?1
Virt?Bridge????????????????????:?xenbr0
Virt?CPUs??????????????????????:?1
Virt?Disk?Driver?Type??????????:?raw
Virt?File?Size(GB)?????????????:?5
Virt?Path??????????????????????:?
Virt?RAM?(MB)??????????????????:?512
Virt?Type??????????????????????:?kvm
?
#修改内核配置
[root@linux-node1?kickstarts]#?cobbler?profile?edit?--name=c7.2-x86_64?--kopts='net.ifnames=0?biosdevname=0'
[root@linux-node1?kickstarts]#?cobbler?profile?report
Name???????????????????????????:?c7.2-x86_64
TFTP?Boot?Files????????????????:?{}
Comment????????????????????????:?
DHCP?Tag???????????????????????:?default
Distribution???????????????????:?c7.2-x86_64
Enable?gPXE????????????????????:?0
Enable?PXE?Menu????????????????:?1
Fetchable?Files????????????????:?{}
Kernel?Options?????????????????:?{'biosdevname':?'0',?'net.ifnames':?'0'}
Kernel?Options?(Post?Install)??:?{}
Kickstart??????????????????????:?/var/lib/cobbler/kickstarts/CentOS-7.1-x86_64_cobbler.cfg
Kickstart?Metadata?????????????:?{}
Management?Classes?????????????:?[]
Management?Parameters??????????:?<<inherit>>
Name?Servers???????????????????:?[]
Name?Servers?Search?Path???????:?[]
Owners?????????????????????????:?['admin']
Parent?Profile?????????????????:?
Internal?proxy?????????????????:?
Red?Hat?Management?Key?????????:?<<inherit>>
Red?Hat?Management?Server??????:?<<inherit>>
Repos??????????????????????????:?[]
Server?Override????????????????:?<<inherit>>
Template?Files?????????????????:?{}
Virt?Auto?Boot?????????????????:?1
Virt?Bridge????????????????????:?xenbr0
Virt?CPUs??????????????????????:?1
Virt?Disk?Driver?Type??????????:?raw
Virt?File?Size(GB)?????????????:?5
Virt?Path??????????????????????:?
Virt?RAM?(MB)??????????????????:?512
Virt?Type??????????????????????:?kvm
?
#更改登录界面内容
[root@linux-node1?kickstarts]#?vim?/etc/cobbler/pxe/pxedefault.template?
?
DEFAULT?menu
PROMPT?0
MENU?TITLE?Cobbler?|?http://cobbler.github.io/
TIMEOUT?200
TOTALTIMEOUT?6000
ONTIMEOUT?$pxe_timeout_profile
?
LABEL?local
????????MENU?LABEL?(local)
????????MENU?DEFAULT
????????LOCALBOOT?-1
?
$pxe_menu_items
?
MENU?end


到此安装完毕

启动客户端测试

wKiom1itUAGAQv_YAAAI26F25FI729.png




本文转自 kesungang 51CTO博客,原文链接:http://blog.51cto.com/sgk2011/1900302,如需转载请自行联系原作者

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